Creative Minds: Of Arsenic and Misfolded Proteins
Posted on by Dr. Francis Collins
Taking out the trash is a must in every household. Inside our cells, it’s also essential because if defective proteins are not properly disposed of, they can accumulate and make a mess of the cell’s inner workings, leading to health problems.
John Hanna, a physician-scientist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, is on a quest to study the cell’s trash disposal system in greater detail. In particular, this 2014 NIH Director’s Early Independence awardee wants to learn more about how cells identify proteins that need to be discarded, how such proteins are steered towards the molecular garbage can, and how, when the process breaks down, neurodegenerative conditions, cancers, and other diseases can arise.
That’s a complex challenge, so Hanna will start by zeroing in on one particular component of cellular waste management—the component that clears out proteins damaged by arsenic. Although arsenic is notorious for being the poison of choice in countless true crime shows and mystery novels, this semi-metallic element is found naturally in soil, water, air, and some foods.
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Tags: Alzheimer’s disease, arsenic, arsenic poisoning, basic research, biotech, Cuz1, Early Independence Award, metalloid, misfolded proteins, neurodegenerative disorders, proteasome, protein degradation, protein folding, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, tau, Tmc1, toxins, ubiquitin, yeast